In this scenario the project team is located in a different location than their project stakeholders, and in the extreme the project team itself is in several locations as are the project stakeholders. Large organizations, consortiums of organizations, and organizations that outsource development to other companies (often overseas) often find themselves in this situation. I highly suggest that you avoid distributed development situations such as this because of the increased communication risk inherent in this approach. When a team is dispersed/distributed the opportunities for face-to-face discussion, the most effective way to communicate, are reduced. Instead you are forced to rely on less productive communication strategies - such as video conferencing, telephone conversations, and written documentation - and thereby dramatically increase project risk. Rich communication between developers and project stakeholders is a fundamental aspect of agile software development. It is possible to take an agile approach in these situations, as I describe in several blog postings about distributed agile development teams , but it's very hard.
Longer essays may also contain an introductory page that defines words and phrases of the essay's topic. Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other porting material in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text. This scholarly convention helps others (whether teachers or fellow scholars) to understand the basis of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.