In late 1917, after constant harassment by the armed forces authorities, Lawrence was forced to leave Cornwall at three days' notice under the terms of the Defence of the Realm Act . This persecution was later described in an autobiographical chapter of his Australian novel Kangaroo , published in 1923. He spent some months in early 1918 in the small, rural village of Hermitage near Newbury, Berkshire . He then lived for just under a year (mid-1918 to early 1919) at Mountain Cottage, Middleton-by-Wirksworth , Derbyshire, where he wrote one of his most poetic short stories, Wintry Peacock . Until 1919 he was compelled by poverty to shift from address to address and barely survived a severe attack of influenza .