South Africa : two small pictures of unofficial (kangaroo court) whippings, 1996 and 2004 Somalia : Inept public flogging of two youths, 2009 (also video clip) Somalia : Isaaq, Jeylani, 45, pictured being publicly flogged, 2006 Somalia : Omar, Mohamed, 58, pictured being publicly flogged, 2006 Somalia : Woman pictured being publicly flogged, 2006 Somalia : Shogow, Mohamed, 19, pictured being publicly flogged, 2006 Sudan : unnamed woman pictured being publicly flogged in the street, 2010 (also video clip) Uganda : woman publicly caned, 2012 (also video clip)
Historically, the lack of laws and regulations prohibiting child-soldiering may have been a contributing factor to the recruitment and use of children in armed conflict. States have been very eager to secure their own interests, rather the interests of underage individuals participating in hostilities. For example, the international delegitimizing of state-authorized non-state violence began already in 1856 with the Treaty of Paris and the attached Declaration of Paris, which declared, “privateering is, and remains abolished” ( Thomson 1994, 70-71 ). It should take more than a century before the international community declared something similar about child-soldiering.